Traditional Education: Like the Yoruba towns, Oyan has a long history of indigenous and informal education before the advent of Western form of education. Being an agrarian society, early education was in the field of agriculture, hunting and herbal medicine together with blacksmithing ans foundry for the production of guns and farm implement. Early in life, children were trained in this field. Many taboos were employed to promote moral standard, discipline and cleanliness. Moonlight stories, poems, proverbs, song, riddles were used to stimulate the young ones in the process of learning and to strengthen the ability of retentive memory. Physical education was indirectly taught by the children having to walk long distances to the farms and physically engaged in rigorous farming. Females were taught early about childcare and general family maintenance by taking part in food preparation keeping the house clean and cloth weaving.

Healthcare Education: In heath care delivery, adults who were trusted to keep secrets and clever enough were initiated into the secrets of gathering herbs, preparation of local medication and the development of supernatural powers. All these were done through long internship.

Primary Education: Educational Development of Oyan dated back to 1911AD AD when the first primary school was established by the Church Missionary Society (C.M.S). The missionaries came to colonize and preach the gospel. To this end, they had to teach the people how to write and read the Bible. They started building schools to achieve this objective. The Church Missionary Society (C.M.S) was the first to establish a primary school in Oyan named St Paul’s Primary School in 1911AD. This pioneering school started lessons in the C.M.S Church building at the Onile Compound premises with some pupils aged between 12 and 15years. It took some years before the school was approved to Standard IV class. Up till 1947AD, all pupils who wanted to complete their primary school education had to go to Offa. With qualification of Mr. Paul Folayan Adesina of Onile Compound as a Grade 11 Teacher, and with assistance of the Church, he was appointed the head Master and the school was subsequently approved for Standard VI Primary School Leaving Certificate Examination in 1947.

Other Primary schools that were later established are: – (1) St Peter’s African Primary Scho ol in 1928. (2) Christ Apostolic Church Primary School in 1953. (3) St Michael Catholic Primary School in 1946. (4) Jehova witness Primary School in 1952. (5) Nawarudeen Muslim Primary School in 1992 (8) Olaiya Nursery and Primary School in 1992. (9) Muslim International Nursery and Primary School in 1996 (10) Ogo Oluwa Nursery and Primary School in 1996 (11) Folorunso Memorial Primary School in 1998(12) Intelectual Academy Nursery and Primary School in 2005.

Secondary School Education: A society named Oyan progressive union was formed in the 1940s to purposely enlighten Oyan parents about the importance of sending not only male children but female children to school. The society had Mr P.F Adesina of Onile Compound as the founding chairman, Mr. J.I Alabi of ajirotutuCompound and Mr. Francis Adekanola of Inurin Compound as execution members. The huge success of ther campaign resulted in many Oyan children aiming for primary education. This led to the need for a secondary school in Oyan. The first Scondary School established in Oyan was Oyan Grammer School in 1956AD. The history of this great school is the subject of chapter 14 of this book.. Other schools that were established after Oyan Grammer School are (1) African Church Commercial Secondary School in 1967AD (2) Community High School in 1980AD (3) Folorunso Memorial College in 1998AD. Other private secondary schools were later established among which are Intellectual Academy Secondary School in 200 and Fomwan Secondary School in 2017.

Arabic Education: In the 1920s, Alfa Ramonu from Parin Compound established the first Arabic School known as ‘Ile kewu’. Today, Oyan can boast of many renowned Islamic Scholars and preachers like Alfa Sanni of inuring Compound.

Educational Milestones: The following is the list of Oyan indigenes who led the pack in the relentless pursuit of education among other Oyan indigenes in the twentieth century.

Male: (1) Mr. Paul Folayan Adesina of Onile Compound qualified as a Grade 11 Teacher in 1936 when teachers were the elites and cynosure of the Nigerian Society. (2) Mr Jams Odeniyi Odedere of Onile Compound was the first to obtain Cambridge School Certificate from Ibadan Grammer School in 1948. (3) Some of the first se of Oyan males that obtained Cambridge School Certificate after Mr. Odedere were:- Messrs (1) Philemon Olagunju of Obale Compound from Ibadan Boys High School in 1949 (ii) Michael Folorunso of Odofin Compound from Ibadan Boys High School in 1952 (iii) Phillip Adekonola of Inurrin Compound from Offa Grammer School in 1952 (iv) Amuda Adegoke of Onile Compound from Ibadan Boys High Scholl in 1953 (v) Enoch Adebisi Oguntade of Atabintin Compound from Abeokuta Grammer school in 1954 (4) Dr Philemon Olagunju of Obale Compound was the first to obtain a Doctorate Degree from University of Dublin in 1956. (4) Mr. Jacob Alabi of Elemona Compound was the first to obtain a University degree within Nigeria from University of Ibadan in 1962.

Female: The first females to read up to standard IV primary education in 1940s/1950s were:- (1) Mrs. Dorcas Adelek nee Alabi of Ajirotutu. (2) Mrs. Abigael Masominu nee Okewale of Lakolu Compound. (3) Miss Esther Adeyemo of Aade Compound (4) Miss Abigael Olabode of Elemosho Compound (5) Chief Felicia O. Bello nee Folorunso of Odofin Compound was the first female to obtain Cambridge School Certificate from Queens college, Ede in 1959 and the first female to have a bachelor’s and mater’s degrees from University of Ife in 1965 and 1967 repectfully.

                             HEALTH CARE DEVELOPMENT

Traditional: Traditional health cae of Oyan people revolved around sacrifices, oracles, herbal preparation and incantation. People largely depended on Ifa diviners for intervention and healing; medicine men popularly called ‘Babalawo’ for magical cures; and herbalists for herbal