EXTERNAL RULERS OF OYAN

                    EXTERNAL RULERS OF OYAN

External Rulers of Oyan. The traditional governance of Oyan had been interrupted on many occasions by powerful traditional warlords from Oyo, Sokoto and Ibadan in that order before the advent of colonial rule.

Oyo Rulers. (1600-1800AD).The all powerful Alafia of Oyo started invading and conquering all towns to establish the famous Oyo Empire. During the reign of Oba Oyediran around 1650 AD, Oyan was overrun and thus came under the rule of Alafia of Oyo. After the fall of Oyan, Alafia made it mandatory that before any new Oloyan would be installed; the Oba-elect and his followers must travel all the way to Oyo ile to seek the approval of the Alafia. Furthermore, after installation, the new Oloyan   must personally present the annual royalty called Asingba to the Alafia. It is interesting to note this royalty was in most cases grass feeds for the horses of Alafia. It was on record that one Oloyan was queried for not personally carrying the feed into the Alafia’s place instead of using his servants. This annual derogatory service by the Oloyan continued until the fall of Oyo Empire that led to Fulani Rule.

Fulani Rulers. (1820-1840AD) during the reign of Oba Orisalolu around 1830 AD, the Fulani’s occupied many parts of Yoruba land including Oyan. Oyan was put under the Emir of Ilorin and as such had to start paying royalty to the Emir instead of Alafia of Oyo. It was during the Fulani rule that the Oloyan lost the authority to wear crown. History had it that when Oba Orisalolu went to present the annual royalty to the Emir, the Oloyan went to the Emir palace wearing his crown. This annoyed the Emir who ordered the crown to be seized and burnt. He further ordered the Oloyan to be physically tortured by making him roll on a bed of palm kernel shells. It is believed that the remnants of the burnt crown of Oloyan is still kept somewhere in Ajase Ipo. When Oba Orisalolu got back to Oyan, the fear that the Emir could send his people to come and burn other crowns of Oloyan griped Oba Orisalolu. He then decided to take all his other crown until the reign of Oba Nathaniel Omotoso Gbadegorioye 1 of Onile Ruling House who recovered the crowns from Ila Orangun in 1973. The Oloyan continued with this Insulting servitude to the Emir of Ilorin for many years until the Ibadan warlords drove the fulanis invaders away from the yorubaland up to Erin Ile a neighboring town in kwara state.

Ibadan Rulers. (1840-1870AD). The yourbas felt insulted by the occupation of part of their kingdom by the fulanis. This prompted the powerful and seasoned Ibadan warlords to wage war against the fulanis. During the war, both the emir of Ilorin and the Olubadan were being by the oloyan because it took some time before the Ibadan warlords could finally checkmate the Fulani warriors during the famous jalumi or ikirun war in 1807AD. They pushed the fulanis back across river otin up to erinile area. After Ibadan warlord’s securety victory, oyan came under the rule of olubadan of Ibadan. Oyan onces agin started paying homage to the olubadan. Osun division under which oyan was ruled. The oloyan finally stopped paying royalties to olubadan of Ibadan and indeed to any oba.